I have been reading the two great works of Homer, The Iliad and The Odyssey, and have come to see just how fantastic Homer is as a writer but also how important he is to Western Civilization. Others agree and below are some collected quotes from brilliant thinkers, both past and present on the importance and influence of Homer throughout the ages:
“Homer is significant because he started The Great Conversation, gave birth to The West, inspired and taught the Greeks and therefore us, wrote virtually perfect poetry, thought about every great idea deeply, embodied them in story and is the best philosopher who ever lived.” —Andrew Kern
“Reading Homer’s Poems is one of the purest, most inexhaustible pleasures life has to offer-a secret somewhat too well kept in our time”—Eva Brann
“He (Homer) deserves to be taken up as an instructor in the management and culture of human affairs, and that a man ought to regulate the whole of his life by following this poet.”–Plato’s Republic
Homer’s Iliad and The Odyssey are “Constructed as well as possible, they come as close as possible for the ideal of a poem”—Aristotle
“Behold the One whose right hand wields the sword, behold the One who comes before other poets as their Lord, that is Homer, the Sovereign, that is the Bard Supreme, that is Homer.”—Dante
“It was against the order of nature that he created the most excellent production that can be. For things at birth are ordinary imperfect; they gain size and strength as they grow. He made the infancy of poetry and of several sciences mature, perfect and accomplished. For this reason he may be called the first and last of poets.”—Montaigne
We are living in The Digital Age. What people would pay loads of money for in the past now can get these books and resources for either free or a few pennies. The devices we have now can hold thousands of books in the palms of our hands that we can take wherever we go and read whenever the time is right. Below is a list of free online books to give you a kindle library that would rival what ancient libraries only could dream they could have in their collection.
- The Great Books of The Western World
- The Harvard Classics
- Classics of The World by Open Culture
- R.C. Sproul’s Crucial Question Series
- Desiring God (John Piper & Co.) Free Ebooks
- The Ancient Church Fathers
- Monergism Books
- Calvin’s Commentaries and Institutes
Websites for Kindle Deals
- Challies Kindle Finds for Christian
- Gospel Ebooks
- Ebook Friendly
P.S. Also, a great way to get free pdf copies of books is if you own a blog and are willing to write book reviews for the books they send you for free. I utilize both Crossway Publishing and Netgalley as great ways to review and get kindle books for free!
There are a handful of books about reading books, such as Mortimer Adler’s How To Read A Book, Harold Bloom’s How To Read And Why, and probably my favorite in the genre The Pleasures of Reading in An Age of Distraction by Alan Jacobs, that have really helped readers become better readers. But how should we read classics? Let me offer a few helpful suggestions:
Read with Patience
Classics are not to be skimmed or speed read through. These books are life changing and in order for them to do work on our souls, it takes time, a long time in fact. Growth takes time. The power behind the ideas and stories contained in these books need to be chewed on, soaked in and let loose so that we may challenge them or accept them and then apply it. But don’t give up on a book, keep reading, plugging away and maybe even rereading it. As author and writer Italo Calvino once wrote, “Every rereading of a classic is as much a voyage of discovery as the first reading…every reading of a classic is in fact a rereading.”
Read with Good Friends
I owe a lot of my thoughts and ideas to the minds of the group known as The Inklings, occupied by the likes of C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien and Charles Williams. They started this group to have one purpose: to read the Icelandic legends and stories together. Reading the classics with friends enriches the story because they often see things different than you. That is probably one of my favorite parts about studying at a school like St. John’s College is being able to read books and hear the different ideas, stories and world views that help me see different ways of looking at the text and making connections. Reading with friends is always an adventure in itself when reading the classics.
Read with Food and Drink
C.S. Lewis once wrote, “Eating and reading are two pleasures that combine admirably.” Now you won’t find this suggestion in many reading manuals, but I honestly believe there is no better way to enjoy a book than alongside some great food and drink. A nice lager or stout while reading Lord of The Rings, or chocolate deserts with The Chronicles of Narnia(Maybe even some Turkish delights!) makes the reading experience so much more enjoyable.
Maybe that can be an adventure in itself, deciding which food to eat that thematically fits with the classic your reading! Which of course, sounds like the best (and most hobbit-like) kind of adventure.
Mark Twain, author of such great works such as Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, once remarked, “A classic is something that everybody wants to have read and nobody wants to read.” This is a sentiment felt by many. We all want to say we have read the great works of history such as Plato and Shakespeare, but to actually do it seems rare. There is even a whole industry of books dedicated to giving you short summaries and the main talking points just so you can bluff your way through conversations that deal with the classics. Why is it we don’t read the classics?
- The Classics are Daunting– Just one page in by a 21st century reader into the works of Shakespeare or Milton will make even the best readers pause and wonder whether or not they just want to read Harry Potter again. That’s how I felt the first time I picked up Aristotle’s Metaphysics and tried to read the man who influenced most of Medieval Times. Yet, even with a commentary, I threw the book down because it was just too much. Sometimes, classics can be just scary. Ever read Dante’s Inferno? That is one book that will make you want to know for sure there is salvation! Or it could possibly change your life so radically that it saves it, as author Rod Dreher writes in his book, How Dante Can Save Your Life.
- The Classics require Work– One of the pitfalls of being a blogger and reading a huge amount of blog articles is that the writing doesn’t require much time and effort to read. Not so with The Classics. During my philosophy segment at St. John’s College, I read some of the most well-known philosophy texts in western culture and a huge portion of them were under a hundred pages. However, jam-packed in those hundred pages were ideas and worldviews that couldn’t be challenged or solved in one sitting. Taking on Hume’s materialistic empiricism in An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding or Plato’s understanding of Virtues in Meno requires investigative energies to properly understand and potentially dismantle in light of a christian worldview displayed in The Scriptures. Classics require our full attention, because if we miss one portion, it will often lead us down the wrong train of thought and be twice as hard to recover to the process of comprehending the text once again.
- The Classics require Time- This is probably the biggest hurdle for the modern American reader. Our obligations and responsibilities pull us in so many different directions requiring so much of us that by the time we get home we just want to watch Netflix and pass out. However we need to be able to better prioritize our lives. As author and blogger Tony Reinke recently wrote, “The time needed to read books is there for all of us. Some are mentally unable to read. Most non-readers simply choose other priorities.” We especially need to make time for the classics, because they are books that you can not simply speed read through. In fact what often happens is the book forces you to put it down and answer for yourself what it is asking. When Plato ask what are virtues or Kierkegaard describes faith, you can’t just simply keep reading, you must ask and prod and figure out what you believe, if what they are saying is true and now how to live in light of it. Classics therefore must be a priority, for they will take your time, but your life will be full.
Despite the challenges of reading the classics, the rewards are so much greater. Once you begin, you know that with preparation, planning and hard work, reading the classics will help you grow and challenge you to become something new.
The Great Books of Western Civilization
. Plato’s Republic
. Shakespeare’s Macbeth.
Works that have been heralded as some of the finest literary achievements in Western Civilization for hundreds of years. Books that have changed landscapes, thoughts and worldviews; all with the power of words. Yet these books and those books that are grouped with them, called The Classics, are often neglected by readers for various reasons. Whatever the reason is, let me persuade you with why you should read the classics for all that they are worth.
- Classics are Powerful– I remember the first time I read a classics novel back in the early days of High School. Growing up, I only read comic books and when we read books in school, I skimmed the Sparknotes. This was different though-this was George Orwell’s 1984. It was the first time I couldn’t put a book down because it was so good, and it was a different scary world that can often feel like our own. Since then I’ve read countless classics, because despite the hard work that goes into reading a classic they have a power to suck you in their world like no other type of book. Feeling the intensity of power and insanity of corruption in Macbeth or the longing for home and family found in The Odyssey are feelings that you will find elsewhere, but never to the level you feel in classic works. These works are breathtaking.
- Classics are Entertaining– You often hear the cliché “The book was so much better than the movie” and even though I often hate the usage of clichés, I can’t help but think how true this is when it comes to classics. Classic Books are so much more fun to read than to watch, and there are many reasons for that, but I think the main reason is because things get lost in translation from book to movie that can’t be replaced or replicated. The stories found in classic literature are just so darn good. Think of C.S. Lewis’s Chronicles of Narnia series; the pure entertainment of reading and experiencing Aslan for the first time brings a sort of sensation to the heart that creates in you a desire to see Aslan for yourself and live in the world of Narnia. I found the same desire when reading the works of J.R.R. Tolkien, the pure entertainment of imagining yourself into their world and experiencing the adventures of characters alongside them is much more experiential than the passive forms we partake in modern productions.
- Classics are Foundational– You only have a short amount of time on this planet, don’t spend it reading garbage or unoriginal stories. Too often, after reading the classics, I’ll pick up a new book and realize the Author is not doing anything new, in fact Shakespeare, Twain or Huxley did it so much better and in such a way that it should not be copied, because every rendition after is poor. Classic works have laid the foundation for new ideas, new worldviews and new philosophies; Think of how Machiavelli’s The Prince shaped politics or Bacon’s Novum Organum shaped science or Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason changed philosophy, each of these books have revolutionized how countless others came after them in performing in their field. These are the works we all should be reading; interacting with the ideas and stories that have shaped and influenced the world.
Pick up a Classic, explore a new world, experience a new idea and read.